Museum Folkwang
Jeune fille debout
  • Aristide Maillol
  • Jeune fille debout, 1902

  • Young Woman, standing
  • Wood
  • 73 cm
  • Aquired in 2011 with support of the Eugen-und-Agnes-von-Waldthausen-Platzhoff-Museums-Stiftung, the Folkwang-Museumsverein, the Kulturstiftung der Länder, the Land NRW, the Kunststiftung NRW, the Ernst-von-Siemens-Stiftung and a private donator
  • Inv. P 316
  • CommentaryThe ›Jeune fille debout‹ is one of the few wooden pieces made by Maillol in the early days of his new focus on sculpture. As such it would not be too bold to say that by purchasing the piece, the Osthaus’ really had taken advantage of a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. In fact, an invoice from September 1902 documenting the sale of 13 sculptural works by Maillol to gallerist Ambroise Vollard only lists two figures as wooden works, »une grande statue en buis [sic; fr. boxtree] femme debout le bras derrière la tête« and »une statue en bois femme debout.« However, these scant descriptions barely allow for a definitive identification with the works that remain today, not least because Maillol repeated the composition of some figures many times over, each time opting for only slight variation. Given the fact that we know Osthaus bought ›Jeune fille debout‹ at the beginning of 1904, there seem to be grounds to assume that the »une statue en bois femme debout« formulation is a reference to this particular figure; which would date it back to 1902 or earlier.
    In an annual report published in the October 19 ,1904 edition of the Hagener Zeitung, Osthaus announced the purchase of ›Jeune fill debout‹ and other new pieces for the Museum Folkwang sculpture collection. The short summary names a number of important pieces and gives an indication of the objectives the collector associated with their acquisition: »A Greek-Egyptian head/bust depicting […], an 85-piece terracotta frieze from the Early Renaissance in Lombardy have enriched the historical section in the most wonderful way, while the real keystone to the Modern section has only just been found in the form of three masterpieces by Rodin. […] A further addition to the section included the wooden figure of a young girl by Maillol. Indeed, Rodin found himself immersed in creations by this very artist when he admitted: »He has that which we lack,« and thereupon granted him pride of place in the ›Salon‹, as great a man as artist.« For Karl With, assistant to Osthaus in Hagen, the acquisition of the Aristide Maillol piece for the Folkwang Collection also highlighted the museum founder’s growing interest in works by contemporary artists.

    In his sculptural works, Maillol eschewed the expressive gestures and charged postures so characteristic to Rodin’s sculptural figures. Instead his sculptures possess a clearly delimited, hermetic form and convey an impression of internalized power and concentrated calm. The surfaces of Maillol’s sculptures are smooth and even, clearly structured in their progression. In this way, larger, and oftentimes small-format works alike, achieve a certain monumental effect and spatial presence, linking a formal vocabulary culled from Classical Antiquity with modern principles of composition. It is arguably for this reason that a number of contemporary critics considered the expression ›Jeune fille debout‹ rather archaic for the piece. Having seen the figure in the 11th exhibition of the Berlin Secession in 1906, Hans Rosenhagen spoke of an »almost Egyptian looking wooden figure« that attested to »Maillol’s astounding talent«, and in a 1908 exhibition review described the work as an »archaizing wooden sculpture that looks at us with the mysteriously rigid countenance of centuries long since gone.«
  • Provenance1904, Ambroise Vollard, Paris
    1904 - 1921, Museum Folkwang, Hagen
    1921 - 1975, Gertrud Osthaus
    1975 - 1998, Reinhardt und Lilly Ackermann (geb. Stickfort; Tochter von Gertrud Osthaus-Stickfort und Adolf Stickfort)
    1998 - 2011, Privatbesitz
    seit 2011, Museum Folkwang, Essen
  • Obj_Id: 14,974
  • Obj_Internet_S: Highlight
  • Obj_Ownership_S (Verantw):Painting, Sculpture, Media Art
  • Obj_SpareNField01_N (Verantw): 188
  • Obj_Creditline_S: Skulpturensammlung
  • Obj_Title1_S: Jeune fille debout
  • Obj_Title2_S: Young Woman, standing
  • Obj_PartDescription_S (Titelerg):
  • Obj_SpareMField01_M (Alle Titel): Jeune fille debout Young Woman, standing Jeune fille debout Stehende junge Frau
  • Obj_Dating_S: 1902
  • Jahr von: 1,902
  • Jahr bis: 1,902
  • Obj_IdentNr_S: P 316
  • Obj_IdentNrSort_S: P 316
  • Obj_Classification_S (Objtyp): Sculpture
  • Obj_Crate_S: 73 cm
  • Obj_Material_S: Wood
  • Obj_Technique_S:
  • Obj_SpareSField01_S (Mat./Tech.): Wood
  • Obj_AccNote_S (Erwerb): Aquired in 2011 with support of the Eugen-und-Agnes-von-Waldthausen-Platzhoff-Museums-Stiftung, the Folkwang-Museumsverein, the Kulturstiftung der Länder, the Land NRW, the Kunststiftung NRW, the Ernst-von-Siemens-Stiftung and a private donator
  • Obj_PermanentLocation_S (Standort):
  • Obj_Condition1_S (Druckerei):
  • Obj_Condition2_S (Auflage):
  • Obj_Subtype_S (Genre):
  • Obj_Rights_S: © Museum Folkwang, Essen
Commentary
Artists
Provenance

1904, Ambroise Vollard, Paris
1904 - 1921, Museum Folkwang, Hagen
1921 - 1975, Gertrud Osthaus
1975 - 1998, Reinhardt und Lilly Ackermann (geb. Stickfort; Tochter von Gertrud Osthaus-Stickfort und Adolf Stickfort)
1998 - 2011, Privatbesitz
seit 2011, Museum Folkwang, Essen