Museum Folkwang
Gebirgslandschaft mit Regenbogen
  • Caspar David Friedrich
  • Gebirgslandschaft mit Regenbogen, 1809/10

  • Mountain Landscape with Rainbow
  • Oil on canvas
  • 69 x 102 cm
  • Acquired 1939 with the support of the City of Essen and the NSDAP Gauleitung of the City of Essen, restored 1950 to the Hirschland family and left to the Museum Folkwang as the legacy of Dr Georg Hirschland.
  • Inv. G 46
  • CommentaryEven in his lifetime, Friedrich's painting was seen as the epitome of Romantic art. The oft-repeated motif of an individual figure regarding a landscape or a body of water embodies an oft-expressed experience of nature still associated with this period today: Faced with the magnitude and breadth of the world around them, man senses his own smallness and forlornness.
    ‘Mountain Landscape with Rainbow’, together with ‘Landscape with Rainbow’ (formerly Weimar; missing since 1945) of the same period, form a pair which varies a composition developed on mathematical principles. The painting in Essen is an excellent example of this method. The center of the image is filled by a high mountain whose peak lies at the intersection of the diagonals. Low hills provide a gently undulating horizon on both sides, dividing the painting along the lines of the golden section and the strangely pale, overarching rainbow is linked with a line suggested in the lower half of the painting to form an ellipse, encircling the foreground, middle ground and background.
    In the person of the wanderer, a self-portrait of the artist, are bound a feeling of isolation and a recognition of a higher order, opening to the viewer the experience of a – as Friedrich Schlegel called it – universal poetry uniting beauty and truth.
  • Provenancevermutlich seit 1810, im Besitz des Großherzogs von Weimar; möglicherweise von Goethe für Karl August erworben
    1824, im Weimarer Inventar genannt **. Nach dem 1. Weltkrieg von der Revolutionsregierung verkauft
    1932, Paul Cassirer, Berlin
    1932 - 09.11.1938, Slg. Dr. Georg Hirschland, Essen
    09.11.1938 - 01.04.1939, Depositum Museum Folkwang
    01.04.1939 - 1950, Kauf mit Auswanderungsguthaben (Stadt Essen und NSDAP Gauleitung der Stadt Essen), Museum Folkwang
    1950, Restitution, Erben Dr. Georg Hirschland
    1950, Vermächtnis Dr. Georg Hirschland, Museum Folkwang
  • Obj_Id: 3,004
  • Obj_Internet_S: ja
  • Obj_Ownership_S (Verantw):Painting, Sculpture, Media Art
  • Obj_SpareNField01_N (Verantw): 187
  • Obj_Creditline_S: Gemäldesammlung
  • Obj_Title1_S: Gebirgslandschaft mit Regenbogen
  • Obj_Title2_S: Mountain Landscape with Rainbow
  • Obj_PartDescription_S (Titelerg):
  • Obj_SpareMField01_M (Alle Titel): Gebirgslandschaft mit Regenbogen Mountain Landscape with Rainbow Gebirgslandschaft mit Regenbogen
  • Obj_Dating_S: 1809/10
  • Jahr von: 1,809
  • Jahr bis: 1,810
  • Obj_IdentNr_S: G 46
  • Obj_IdentNrSort_S: G 0046
  • Obj_Classification_S (Objtyp): Painting
  • Obj_Crate_S: 69 x 102 cm
  • Obj_Material_S: Oil on canvas
  • Obj_Technique_S:
  • Obj_SpareSField01_S (Mat./Tech.): Oil on canvas
  • Obj_AccNote_S (Erwerb): Acquired 1939 with the support of the City of Essen and the NSDAP Gauleitung of the City of Essen, restored 1950 to the Hirschland family and left to the Museum Folkwang as the legacy of Dr Georg Hirschland.
  • Obj_PermanentLocation_S (Standort): Internal Exhibition: E 001, Altbau, Sammlung 19. und 20. Jahrhundert
  • Obj_Condition1_S (Druckerei):
  • Obj_Condition2_S (Auflage):
  • Obj_Subtype_S (Genre):
  • Obj_Rights_S: © Museum Folkwang, Essen
Commentary
Artists
Provenance

vermutlich seit 1810, im Besitz des Großherzogs von Weimar; möglicherweise von Goethe für Karl August erworben
1824, im Weimarer Inventar genannt **. Nach dem 1. Weltkrieg von der Revolutionsregierung verkauft
1932, Paul Cassirer, Berlin
1932 - 09.11.1938, Slg. Dr. Georg Hirschland, Essen
09.11.1938 - 01.04.1939, Depositum Museum Folkwang
01.04.1939 - 1950, Kauf mit Auswanderungsguthaben (Stadt Essen und NSDAP Gauleitung der Stadt Essen), Museum Folkwang
1950, Restitution, Erben Dr. Georg Hirschland
1950, Vermächtnis Dr. Georg Hirschland, Museum Folkwang