Museum Folkwang
La carrière de Bibémus
  • Paul Cézanne
  • La carrière de Bibémus, around 1895

  • The Quarry at Bibémus
  • Oil on canvas
  • 65 x 81 cm
  • Acquired in 1907 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen, confiscated in 1937, re-acquired in 1964 with the support of the Westdeutschen Rundfunk
  • Inv. G 342
  • CommentaryThe Bibémus quarry, not far from Cézanne's home in Aix-en-Provence, served as motif for a number of the artist's works. The painting in Essen is doubtless his first depiction of these cliffs, formerly used as a quarry. With glazing brush strokes in refined pastel tones, Cézanne composes the massive vertical cliff walls in airy lightness. He contrasts shaded regions with the juxtaposed colors of orange cliffs and purple-blue sky, with blurred treetops forming the horizon.
    Karl Ernst Osthaus acquired ›Bibémus Quarry‹ together with ›Maison de Bellevue‹ from Ambroise Vollard, Cézanne's long-standing Parisian art dealer, after Osthaus and his wife had visited the artist in Aix shortly before his death in 1906. The painting was confiscated by the National Socialists in 1937 for foreign exchange dealings and ended up in the hands of the Berlin banker Franz König in 1938. Shortly before his death and in desperate straights, he gave this painting to Siegfried Kramarsky, who was able to take it with him when he left for New York. Probably at the beginning of 1960, the ›Bibérus Quarry‹ came into the possession of the art dealer Walter Feilchenfeldt, sen. and his wife Marianne, who proposed its re-acquisition by the Museum Folkwang in 1964.
  • ProvenanceKünstler
    1907, Ambroise Vollard, Paris
    1907 - 1922, Kauf bei Vollard, Museum Folkwang, Hagen
    1922 - 1937, Kauf, Museum Folkwang, Essen
    25.08.1937, für die Ausstellung "Entartete Kunst" in München, Beschlagnahmung durch das Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda, Berlin
    25.08.1937 frühestens, Hermann Goering, Berlin
    1938 (?), Vermittlung durch Josef Angerer, Franz Koenigs, Berlin
    1938 - 1964, Mr. und Mrs. Siegfried Kramarsky, New York
    1964 - 1964, Vermittlung, Marianne Feilchenfeldt, Zürich
    1964, Kauf bei Kramarsky über Vermittlung von Feilchenfeldt, Museum Folkwang, Essen
  • Obj_Id: 3,039
  • Obj_Internet_S: Highlight
  • Obj_Ownership_S (Verantw):Painting, Sculpture, Media Art
  • Obj_SpareNField01_N (Verantw): 187
  • Obj_Creditline_S: Museum Folkwang, Essen, Gemäldesammlung
  • Obj_Title1_S: La carrière de Bibémus
  • Obj_Title2_S: The Quarry at Bibémus
  • Obj_PartDescription_S (Titelerg):
  • Obj_SpareMField01_M (Alle Titel): La carrière de Bibémus The Quarry at Bibémus La carrière de Bibémus Der Steinbruch Bibémus
  • Obj_Dating_S: around 1895
  • Jahr von: 1,890
  • Jahr bis: 1,900
  • Obj_IdentNr_S: G 342
  • Obj_IdentNrSort_S: G 0342
  • Obj_Classification_S (Objtyp): Painting
  • Obj_Crate_S: 65 x 81 cm
  • Obj_Material_S: Oil on canvas
  • Obj_Technique_S:
  • Obj_SpareSField01_S (Mat./Tech.): Oil on canvas
  • Obj_AccNote_S (Erwerb): Acquired in 1907 for the Museum Folkwang, Hagen, since 1922 Essen, confiscated in 1937, re-acquired in 1964 with the support of the Westdeutschen Rundfunk
  • Obj_PermanentLocation_S (Standort):
  • Obj_Condition1_S (Druckerei):
  • Obj_Condition2_S (Auflage):
  • Obj_Subtype_S (Genre):
  • Obj_Rights_S: © Museum Folkwang, Essen
    Photo: Museum Folkwang
Commentary
Artists
Provenance

The Bibémus quarry, not far from Cézanne's home in Aix-en-Provence, served as motif for a number of the artist's works. The painting in Essen is doubtless his first depiction of these cliffs, formerly used as a quarry. With glazing brush strokes in refined pastel tones, Cézanne composes the massive vertical cliff walls in airy lightness. He contrasts shaded regions with the juxtaposed colors of orange cliffs and purple-blue sky, with blurred treetops forming the horizon.
Karl Ernst Osthaus acquired ›Bibémus Quarry‹ together with ›Maison de Bellevue‹ from Ambroise Vollard, Cézanne's long-standing Parisian art dealer, after Osthaus and his wife had visited the artist in Aix shortly before his death in 1906. The painting was confiscated by the National Socialists in 1937 for foreign exchange dealings and ended up in the hands of the Berlin banker Franz König in 1938. Shortly before his death and in desperate straights, he gave this painting to Siegfried Kramarsky, who was able to take it with him when he left for New York. Probably at the beginning of 1960, the ›Bibérus Quarry‹ came into the possession of the art dealer Walter Feilchenfeldt, sen. and his wife Marianne, who proposed its re-acquisition by the Museum Folkwang in 1964.