Museum Folkwang
Tournée / du / Chat / Noir / de / Rodolphe Salis
  • Théophile-Alexandre Steinlen
  • Tournée / du / Chat / Noir / de / Rodolphe Salis, 1896

  • Tour of the Chat Noir
  • 1. edition
  • Colour lithography
  • 138 x 99,5 cm
  • Printing Press Charles Vernaux, Paris
  • Inv. DPM 8015
  • CommentaryThe opening of the ›Chat Noir‹, run by Rodolphe Salis (1851-1897) in Montmartre in Paris on 18 November, 1881 is generally seen as the birth of the literary cabaret. It was intended not only to send up political events, but also to instruct its customers with humor and provocation. Among its regular customers and, supporters of the ›Chat Noir‹ newspaper as well, were Theophile-Alexandre Steinlen, Henri de Toulouose-Latrec, Aristide Bruant and Felix Vallotton. Few expected this new art form to last long, but they were mistaken, as we know today. In 1892 the ›Chat Noir‹ cabaret set off on its first tour. Cities in France, Belgium, French Switzerland, Algeria and Tunisia were among the stops. Its success led to imitations (including with former ›Chat Noir‹ artists).
    As Salis’s personal presence was the key to success, he changed the text in a second version of the poster from »…de (by) Rodolphe Salis« to »… avec (with) Rodolphe Salis«. Other versions of the text (in Russian for a planned tour of Russia cancelled because of Salis’s death, among others) exist.
    Still another variation served to announce the sale of the ›Chat Noir‹-collection at the Hôtel Drouot in May, 1891.
  • Obj_Id: 30,397
  • Obj_Internet_S: ja
  • Obj_Ownership_S (Verantw):German Poster Museum
  • Obj_SpareNField01_N (Verantw): 242
  • Obj_Creditline_S: Deutsches Plakat Museum im Museum Folkwang
  • Obj_Title1_S: Tournée / du / Chat / Noir / de / Rodolphe Salis
  • Obj_Title2_S: Tour of the Chat Noir
  • Obj_PartDescription_S (Titelerg): 1. edition
  • Obj_SpareMField01_M (Alle Titel): Tournée / du / Chat / Noir / de / Rodolphe Salis Tour of the Chat Noir 1. edition Tournée / du / Chat / Noir / de / Rodolphe Salis Tournee des Chat Noir [1.Fassung]
  • Obj_Dating_S: 1896
  • Jahr von: 1,896
  • Jahr bis: 1,896
  • Obj_IdentNr_S: DPM 8015
  • Obj_IdentNrSort_S: DPM 008015
  • Obj_Classification_S (Objtyp): Poster
  • Obj_Crate_S: 138 x 99,5 cm
  • Obj_Material_S:
  • Obj_Technique_S: Colour lithography
  • Obj_SpareSField01_S (Mat./Tech.): Colour lithography
  • Obj_AccNote_S (Erwerb):
  • Obj_PermanentLocation_S (Standort):
  • Obj_Condition1_S (Druckerei): Charles Vernaux, Paris
  • Obj_Condition2_S (Auflage):
  • Obj_Subtype_S (Genre):
  • Obj_Rights_S: © Museum Folkwang, Essen
    Photo: Museum Folkwang, Essen
Commentary
Artists

The opening of the ›Chat Noir‹, run by Rodolphe Salis (1851-1897) in Montmartre in Paris on 18 November, 1881 is generally seen as the birth of the literary cabaret. It was intended not only to send up political events, but also to instruct its customers with humor and provocation. Among its regular customers and, supporters of the ›Chat Noir‹ newspaper as well, were Theophile-Alexandre Steinlen, Henri de Toulouose-Latrec, Aristide Bruant and Felix Vallotton. Few expected this new art form to last long, but they were mistaken, as we know today. In 1892 the ›Chat Noir‹ cabaret set off on its first tour. Cities in France, Belgium, French Switzerland, Algeria and Tunisia were among the stops. Its success led to imitations (including with former ›Chat Noir‹ artists).
As Salis’s personal presence was the key to success, he changed the text in a second version of the poster from »…de (by) Rodolphe Salis« to »… avec (with) Rodolphe Salis«. Other versions of the text (in Russian for a planned tour of Russia cancelled because of Salis’s death, among others) exist.
Still another variation served to announce the sale of the ›Chat Noir‹-collection at the Hôtel Drouot in May, 1891.